Hanang District is situated in Manyara region, about 242 km south
west of Arusha. Mount Hanang, standing at 3418m, is the fourth
highest mountain in Tanzania and a dominant landmark in Hanang
district. This district is inhabited by the two major ethnic groups,
namely the Barbaig and the Iraqw. The Barbaig are ethnically
classified as Nilotes where as the Iraqw are referred to as southern
Cushites. Both of them have rich and interesting culture. The
Barbaig women are usually clad in goatskin skirts and cotton
blanket. Men are usually dressed in black cloth, and they walk about
carrying spears. The Iraqw people are usually attire in colorful
The main economic activities in Hanang district is subsistence and
commercial farming. This is predominantly practiced by the Iraqw.
The Barbaigs are predominantly pastoralists. The Iraqw also keep
livestock though they are not highly dependent on them as the
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